In order to prevent contracting a sexually transmitted disease, annual physical check-up is recommended; particularly for sexually active adults 20 and over. Moreover, annual screenings are recommended for older women with certain risk factors, multiple sex partners or a new sexual companion.
The long term effects of Chlamydia are unusual in the male gender. In certain cases, the infection may spread to the epididymis (the tube that transports sperm from the testis). In a few cases fever coupled with pain have been reported; however, there are not many cited cased of sterility.
Other infrequent cases of genital Chlamydia infections may trigger arthritis followed by an inflammation of the urethra and eye and skin lesions.
In newborn babies, Chlamydia is one of the major causes of early infant pneumonia and pink eye (conjunctivitis).
Laboratory tests may be conducted to diagnose chlamydia. The tests may analyze urine, a specimen collected from the cervix or penis.
The treatment of Chlamydia is curable or treatable with antibiotics. The most prevalently prescribed medications include a single dose of azithromycin or weekly usage of doxycycline.
Patients diagnosed with HIV should be administered the same treatment as individuals who do not have HIV.
Until the Chlamydia infection is cleared entirely, individuals afflicted with the STD should not engage in sexual intercourse.
Multiple Chlamydia infections may render a women susceptible to permanently damaging their reproductive system or even infertility.
Between three to four months preceding chlamydia infection, a reevaluation is recommended to ensure that they have not been re-infected by an untreated sex partner.
Abstinence along with latex condoms are the best ways to avoid contracting Chlamydia and other sexually transmitted diseases.
To learn more about sexually transmitted diseases such as Chlamydia visit Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) at www.cdc.gov/std